Abortion remains illegal in PNG, except in cases where the mother's life is at risk. Papua New Guinea has never had a strong political party system, and with 45 political parties participating in the 2017 elections, this continues to be a challenge. Soil degradation - damage to the land's productive capacity because of poor agricultural practices such as the excessive use of pesticides or fertilizers, soil compaction from heavy equipment, or erosion of topsoil, eventually resulting in reduced ability to produce agricultural products. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2014. As of 2002, the crude birth rate and overall mortality rate were estimated at, respectively, 31.6 and 7.8 per 1,000 people. Papua New Guinea maintains an embassy in the United States at 1779 Massachusetts Ave. PNG continues to see high levels of violence and political unrest since the 2017 election, which was marred by widespread electoral irregularities and violence. Buchtar Tabuni, one of the leading West Papua activists and part of ‘Balikpapan Seven’, sentenced to 11 months in jail. Potable water - water that is drinkable, safe to be consumed. Two men – Michale Somare and Peter O'Neill – are currently claiming to be … The Australian Department of Home Affairs has acknowledged that medical services have been reduced since the men were forcibly removed from the main center in 2017. Diabetes in the highland populations is low but has been documented to be as high as 16% in major cities of Papua New Guinea. PNG continued to impose the death penalty, although authorities have not carried out any executions since 1954. PNG is known as "the Land of the Unexpected" and there could be many more twists ahead as the turmoil plays out. The Government of Papua New Guinea is trying to address those issues with the help from several agencies like, AusAid, JICA, World Bank, European Union etc. Australasia. Health Alert – U. S. Embassy Port Moresby – July 13, 2018 Location: Papua New Guinea On July 12, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) released a Level 2 Travel Warning for Papua New Guinea (PNG) regarding the recent outbreak of Polio in the Morobe Province. Overcrowding and dire prison conditions led to prison breakouts. The complaint by 156 residents was lodged with the Australian Government in September by Australia’s Human Rights Law Centre and subsequently accepted in November, paving the way for a non-judicial mediation process. SPREP Library – Cataloguing in Publication Data Nicholls, Stephen The priority environmental concerns of Papua New Guinea / prepared by Stephen Nicholls. The politics of Papua New Guinea takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic multi-party system, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government. Aerosol - a collection of airborne particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog. Inadequate skills and weak capacity in the public service are the most critical inhibitors to development in PNG. Get Lae's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Poaching - the illegal killing of animals or fish, a great concern with respect to endangered or threatened species. The department then leases it to businesse... Read Details. In August, a video showing two PNG police officers brutally assaulting a teenage boy in West New Britain was widely circulated on social media. HIV and AIDS. Papua New Guinea, which experiences regular quakes, had a 7.0 magnitude earthquake earlier this year, which struck a remote part of the country on 17 July. Identification. In September, the government indicated it would introduce new measures to give immunity to police and defense force soldiers on special operations supposedly to “curb lawlessness.”. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of TB: New trial in PNG. Banknote World offers Palau New Guinea currency for sale to collectors looking for a piece of Palau New Guinea. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, As China’s Grip Tightens, Global Institutions Gasp, You Should Be Worrying about the Woman Shortage. As of 1999, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS was estimated at 5,400 and deaths from AIDS that year were estimated at 450. Papua New Guinea recorded a Current Account surplus of 4380 PGK Million in the second quarter of 2020. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation - a portion of the electromagnetic energy emitted by the sun and naturally filtered in the upper atmosphere by the ozone layer; UV radiation can be harmful to living organisms and has been linked to increasing rates of skin cancer in humans. 6.0 Future Options to more effectively address Papua New Guinea’s Principal Environmental Concerns 6.1 Overview 77 6.2 Increasing Land Degradation 79 6.3 Increasing Risk from Hazardous Materials and Wastes 80 6.4 Declining Water Quality in Rivers and Coastal Waters 82 6.5 Disturbed or Unpredictable Hydrological Regimes 83 Papua New Guinea recorded a Current Account surplus of 26.70 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2018. Private sector development. In December 2017, the Supreme Court quashed a long-standing arrest warrant for corruption against Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, finding that the warrant failed to meet a number of requirements and was issued without jurisdiction. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country, yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. It allows MPs to hop between parties - leading to tradition of instability and growing urgency … Papua New Guinea successfully hosted APEC in 2018, culminating in a Leaders’ Summit in November 2018 attended by Vice President Pence. It has two principal aims. That same month, anti-corruption police arrested and charged the country's deputy chief electoral commissioner with corruption for allegedly manipulating votes, for perjury and making a false declaration. In Papua New Guinea, individuals may conduct their business through various different structures, including as a sole trader, a partnership, or a trust. Many asylum seekers and refugees suffer complex health problems including mental health conditions that have been exacerbated by long periods in detention and uncertainty about their futures. The PNG government drew criticism for its purchase of 40 new Maserati cars for visiting APEC dignitaries, when the impoverished country struggles to pay teachers and faces a health crisis. Since 1987 there has been increasing evidence that there are serious deficits in the quality of care in rural areas and t … The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions (see acid rain).Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide; acid rain is damaging and potentially deadly to the earth's fragile ecosystems; acidity is measured using the pH scale where 7 is neutral, values greater than 7 are considered alkaline, and values below 5.6 are considered acid precipitation; note - a pH of 2.4 (the acidity of vinegar) has been measured in rainfall in New England. Nearly all were forcibly transferred to PNG by Australia in 2013. The economy has a small formal sector, focused mainly on the export of those natural resources, and an informal sector, employing the majority of the population. The U.S. Papua New Guinea Individual - Other issues Last reviewed - 04 January 2021. In small groups, students are invited to work for a non-government organisation, conduct research and submit a proposal addressing health issues in Papua New Guinea. The major health problems currently affecting PNG according to the World Health Organization are: 1. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country, yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. All colouration of the individual denominations are the same as current and former Australian decimal currency. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure. In May, a fire in Hillside Haus forced the relocation of 120 residents. Papua New Guinea has been gripped by political turmoil for almost a week now. In March, then-Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop visited Port Moresby and met with PNG Foreign Minister Rimbink Pato to discuss health and immigration. Waterborne diseases - those in which bacteria survive in, and are transmitted through, water; always a serious threat in areas with an untreated water supply. This followed a similar escape in 2017, in which 17 prisoners were killed. Papua is probably derived from the Malay word papuwah ("fuzzy hair"). Security. Beginning in 1991, Papua New Guinea's banknotes have been produced on polymer, although in 2009 the bank issued Kina & Toea Day commemorative notes on paper substrates. West Papuan nationalists of the Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka) have often been in conflict with the Indonesian armed forces. The two officers have reportedly been suspended and charged under the Criminal Code Act, but neither had been prosecuted at time of writing. In June, in the Southern Highlands, a mob set alight a passenger plane in an election-related protest. HIV prevalence was 0.2 per 100 adults. A foreign tax credit may be available to offset foreign tax paid against PNG tax payable (see the Foreign tax relief and tax treaties section). More than 200 children in Papua New Guinea die of diarrhea each year due to lack of sanitation and … Afforestation - converting a bare or agricultural space by planting trees and plants; reforestation involves replanting trees on areas that have been cut or destroyed by fire. A week is a long time in politics, especially in Papua New Guinea. In July, the National Court sentenced eight men to death for their involvement in a sorcery-related killing of seven people. In April, media reported that anti-corruption police are investigating the Governor of Port Moresby Powes Parkop, after a former official revealed the city council was paying A$1.2 million (approximately US$870,000) a year to a yoga and health company run by his alleged partner. It is not just that each of these trends will have a negative impact on the country, but that the trends are mutually reinforcing. Non-residents are generally taxed only on their PNG-sourced income. NOTE: 1) The information regarding Papua New Guinea on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez.In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa. The summit ended in disarray when Chinese officials physically forced their way into the office of the PNG foreign minister and refused to sign the final joint statement. A key feature of weak governance in PNG is corruption. Treatment of flow-thru business entities. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Papua New Guinea’s top two bankers – Loi Bakani, Governor of the Bank of Papua New Guinea and Robin Fleming, Chief Executive of Bank South Pacific – have set the record straight on the country's foreign exchange challenges. In 1545, a Spanish explorer called the island Nueva Guinea .In 1884, the western half of New Guinea was officially recognized as Dutch New Guinea, the northeastern section became German New Guinea, and the southeastern quarter became British New Guinea. Despite the ombudsman and police announcing investigations into the 2016 police shooting of eight student protesters in Port Moresby, at time of writing no police had been charged or disciplined and neither body had issued a report. Despite the existence of a national disability policy, people with disabilities are often unable to participate in community life, go to school, or work because of lack of accessibility, stigma, and other barriers. Papua New Guinea’s hosting of the 2018 Asia−Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders’ summit was part of a push for greater international standing, with O’Neill projecting Papua New Guinea as a regional leader advancing Pacific Islands issues … I. Asian Development Bank. That, in turn, has often led to incursions into Papua New Guinean territory by refugees, rebels, and Indonesian troops pursuing them. ... Zac Efron issues statement after suffering 'deadly illness' News. 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