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african traditional religions

3 And similar to this was the dialogue that took place between Edwin Smith, who had gone out as a missionary to Africa, and Emil Ludwig, an eminent biographer. Healers, PROPHETS and other RITUAL specialists play an important role in these religions although not all have people easily identified as PRIESTS. In that sense, perhaps these ancestors include the very Prophets of Africa that we are seeking. Abrahamic religions are widespread throughout Africa. The prominence of ancestors is everywhere in Africa, even amongst the followers of Christianity and Islam. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. In Africa, especially with traditional rural culture, the concept of respect for elders is very strong. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. Their studies avoided describing African cultures in indigenous terms. Travelling around Africa, it is clear that people are comfortable with a social order that has been in place since antiquity. The main ones are AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS, CHRISTIANITY and ISLAM. In this way, we might find traces of the prophets and revelations given to the tribes of Africa. In this song, there are similarities to the Day of Judgement of the Abrahamic faiths. There is also a common theme of the High God having created the world, and then withdrawn to allow humans to work and flourish, but also to suffer illness and misfortune. More than 100 million Africans still adhere to the traditional African religions. So normally we refer to African Traditional Religions in the plural, and it’s simply summarized or written in notation form as “ATR” – African Traditional Religion. For example, the song mentions that the Judge will see all stains whether visible or hidden; similar to the notion that God can see all of your actions and your intentions. Vodun gave rise to a number of different diaspora faiths, throughout the world collectively known as “Vo… (Worship of the vodun is the original source of the Haitian religion of Vodou, which emerged as a syncretism of African, Roman Catholic, and Caribbean religious traditions by African slaves in Haiti.) So when their Messenger comes, it is judged between them with equity, and they are not wronged.’ [1], ‘And We did raise among every people a Messenger, preaching: “Worship Allah and shun the Evil One”. The great faiths of the world have a religious text to refer to, and yet, our observance … 2 E. B. Idowu, African Traditional Religion, S.C.M., 1973, p.87. Traditional African religion is still popular throughout Africa and stems from the beliefs of Central and West African ancestors. 2. But it is also noticeable that the major world religions all seem to originate from the Middle East and South East Asia. African traditional religion— African traditional religions, also referred to as African indigenous religions or African tribal religions, is a term referring to a variety of religions indigenous to the continent of Africa. Again the reverence for ancestors stems from the same concept of social order that is seen throughout African life. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. African Traditional Religion has been evolving; there is in it the element of continuity as well as discontinuity. Thus, strictly speaking, religion in its pristine form is no longer in existence. The modern understanding has evolved through syncretism with Christian and Islamic influences, and often these beliefs are practised alongside Islam and Christianity in rural communities. [1] …   Wikipedia, AFRICAN RELIGIONS —    although some books speak about African religion it is clear that there are many religions in Africa. It was also esti… Most traditional African religions have, for most of their existence, been orally/spiritually (rather than scripturally) transmitted or practiced. The introduced religions of Islam (in northern Africa) and Christianity (in southern Africa) are now the continent s major religions, but traditional religions still play an important role,… …   Universalium, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic, and traditional medicine. These proverbs show an understanding of a superior Creator who is also on a different physical plane to mankind, often depicted as being in the heavens. Over time, the concept of ‘home’ may be hazy, but knowledge that this is not the end means that people accept their position in society, accept trials and tribulations such as plagues and floods, and seem to be less inclined to hoarding worldly possessions. The majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam. The Holy Qur’an mentions that all tribes (including those across Africa) have received revelation and prophets: ‘And for every people there is a Messenger. ‘If your parents take care of you up to the time you cut your teeth, you take care of them when they lose theirs’, Akan proverb (Ghana). The four linguistic phylums spoken in Africa are: Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and Khoi-San. They are folk religions, and combine different beliefs.In general, people in the cities confess to either Christianity or Islam. Abrahamic religions are widespread throughout Africa. Just as the concept of Satan is familiar to the Abrahamic faiths, in Africa they talk about the Trickster, and ceremonies would seek to ward off the impact of the Trickster and evil spirits. Although Africa is represented as countries through the political and colonial influences of the last century, in fact there are many more distinct tribes in Africa, many stretching across multiple country boundaries. Having established that a more powerful Creator sits above us and sees everything that we do, there is also a recognition that the Creator is also our benefactor, planning and providing for us: ‘As you plan for somebody, so God plans for you’, Igbo Proverb, (Nigeria). There are numerous indigenous faiths still found throughout Africa. Today, Christianity and Islam are religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa. Generally, they are oral rather than scriptural, include a belief in a deity, belief in ghosts, ancestor worship, use of magic, and traditional medicine. Every aspect of it cannot be described as original. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. Since it is a religion practised by living persons today, changes are to be expected. The possessed are referred to as “horsemen,” because they are … Yet certain aspects of African faiths differ from those of most world religions. Haitian Vodou is an African diasporic religion that developed in Haiti between the 16th and 19th centuries. Sometimes this will also be manifested in a move to towns with communal responsibility and shared worship from traditional pastoral herders who would have moved across the region just as the Tuareg do to this day. In many ways East and Southern African Traditional Religions, which lack professional Priests, share common elements which make them quite distinct from West and North African religions, where professional Priests play an important role in traditional religious practices. African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. About the Author: Fazal Ahmad is the Editor for the ‘World Religions’ section of The Review of Religions. When addressing religion in Africa, scholars often speak of a “triple heritage,” that is the triple legacy … There are common beliefs in Africa although the continent is a large with many different cultures and They have both spread and replaced indigenous African religions, but are often adapted to African cultural contexts and belief systems. But before those two religions arrived, there were several traditional religions practiced. There are many behaviours that are expected of people. Les religions traditionnelles africaines sont l ensemble des …   Wikipédia en Français, Religions tribales africaines — Religions traditionnelles africaines  Cet article concerne les religions africaines traditionnelles. If the Judge finds no stains on your feet, open your belly to joy, for you have overcome and your belly is clean’. That is, African traditional religion or African traditional religions (Mbiti 1969, 1–2; Idowu 1973, 103; Booth 1977, 3; Ikenga-Metu 1987, 19; Alolo 2007; Ejizu n.d). To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background). Man generally is given to misconception, especially in the midst of conflicting ideas or contending issues. The Yoruba of Nigeria record that Obatala creates the physical body, but the greater Olodumare who sits in the heavens, blows the spirit into the body [5]. Those taught to show love and turn the other cheek are sometimes found waging wars, yet their religion teaches the opposite. Sometimes tribes refer to lots of deities especially from an animist perspective, but they almost always recognise a High God or Creator. African religions also share many ideas with world religions such as Judaism and Buddhism. Les religions traditionnelles africaines sont l ensemble des …   Wikipédia en Français, Religions tribales de l'Afrique noire — Religions traditionnelles africaines  Cet article concerne les religions africaines traditionnelles. 3 Leo Frobenius, The Voice of Africa, Vol. Some examples of African traditional religions include the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria, the Serer of Senegal, the Akan of Ghana and the Ivory Coast, and Vodun, a religion practiced by the Gbe peoples. Today, Christianity and Islam are religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa. Ancestors are also worshipped for this purpose, and are believed to provide a link to their living relatives. They are like indigenous African religions in that they are preoccupied with healing. Trained in the new method of \"fieldwork\"—which entailed observing participants and speaking the language of the community—these anthropologists worked for their governments. Pour une vision d ensemble des religions en Afrique, voir Religions en Afrique. to tag the traditional religion of Africans and believe […] Whether you be in your home, whether you be on the water, whether you rest in the shade of a tree in the open, here is your Master.’. The challenge is to study faith, proverbs, traditions and mythology across Africa to identify the fragments of religion passed down as oral traditions and mythology in the great cultures of the continent. 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